## 物理作业千千万，但是常用的解题公式也就那些，直线运动、牛顿运动定律、万有引力定律等等。想要学好物理，熟记物理公式是前提。我们为大家整理了最常用的物理公式表Physics Formula Sheet 中英文对照，抓紧收藏吧！

where s = 位移 (+/—ive) (单位: m)

where u, v = 速度 (+/—ive) (单位: m s—1)

where a = 加速度 (+/—ive) (单位: m s—1)

where s = displacement (+/—ive) (units: m)

where u, v = initial, final velocity (+/—ive) (units: m s—1)

where a = acceleration (+/—ive) (units: m s—1)

where t = time (≥ 0)  (units: s)

where E = 能量 (单位: J)

where m = 质量 (单位: kg)

where c = 比热容量 (单位: J kg—1 K—1)

where l = 潜热 (单位:  J kg—1)

where E = energy (units: J)

where m = mass (units: kg)

where c = specific heat capacity (units: J kg—1 K—1)

where ΔT = change in temperature (units: K) where l = latent heat (units:  J kg—1)

where p = 压强 (单位: Pa)

where V = 体积 (单位: m3)

where R = 8.31 (单位: J mol—1 K—1)

where T = 温度 (单位: K)

where kB = 1.38 × 10-23  (单位: J K—1)

where EK = 动能 (单位: J)

where NA = 6.02 x 1023 (单位: mol—1)

where p = pressure (units: Pa)

where V = volume (units: m3)

where n = number of moles of gas

where R = 8.31 (units: J mol—1 K—1)

where T = temperature (units: K)

where N = number of gas molecules

where kB = 1.38 × 10-23 (units: J K—1)

where EK = KE (units: J)

where NA = 6.02 x 1023 (units: mol—1)

where F = 力 (单位: N)

where m = 质量 (单位: kg)

where F = force (units: N)

where m = mass (units: kg)

where Ep = 重力势能 (单位: J)

where m = 质量 (单位: m s—1)

where g = 9.81 (单位: m s—2)

where Ek = 动能 (单位: J)

where P = 机械功率 (单位: W)

where F = 施加力 (单位: N)

where EP = gravitational PE (units: J)

where m = mass (units: m s—1 )

where g = 9.81 (units: m s—2)

where EK = KE (units: J)

where P = mechanical power (units: W)

where F = applied force (units: N)

where a = 向心加速度 (单位: m s—2)

where ω = 角速度 (单位: rad s—1)

where f = 频率 (单位: Hz)

where F = 向心力 (单位:  N)

where a = centripetal acceleration (units: m s—2)

where v = speed (units: m s—1)

Where r = radius (units: m)

Where ω = angular velocity (units: rad s—1)

where f = frequency (units: Hz)

where F = centripetal force (units:  N)

where  F = 量值引力 (单位: N)

where G = 6.67 × 10-11 (单位: N m2 kg—2)

where m1, m2 = 质量 (单位: kg)

where r = 距离 (单位: m)

where F = gravitational force (units: N)

where G = 6.67 × 10-11 (units: N m2 kg—2 )

where m1, m2 = mass (units: kg)

where r = separation (units: m)

where  Δy = 条纹之间的距离 (单位: m)

where λ = 波长 (单位: m)

where D = 双狭缝与条纹之间的距离 (单位: m)

where a = 双狭缝之间的距离 (单位: m)

where d = 衍射光栅之间的距离 (单位: m)

where n = 0, 1, 2, 3

where Δy = separation between fringes (units: m)

where λ = wavelength (units: m)

where D = separation between the double-slit & the screen (units: m) where a = separation between the slits  (units: m)

where d = separation between each grating (units: m)

where n = order = 0, 1, 2, 3

where u = 物距 (单位: m)

where v = 像距 (单位: m)

where f = 焦距  (单位: m)

where u = object distance (units: m)

where v = image distance (units: m)

where f = focal length (units: m)

where F = 静电力 (单位: N)

where Ɛ0 = 8.85 × 10-12 (单位: C2 N—1 m—2)

where Q1, Q2  = 电荷 (单位: C)

where r = 距离 (单位: m)

where F = electrostatic force (units: N)

where Ɛ0 = 8.85 × 10-12 (units: C2 N—1 m—2)

where Q1, Q2 = electric charge (units: C)

where r = separation (units: m)

where E = 电场强度 (单位: N C—1  or  V m—1 )

where Q = 电荷 (单位: C)

where V = 电势差 (单位: V)

where d = 平行板间的距离 (单位: m)

where E = electric field strength (units: N C—1 or  V m—1)

where Q = charge (units: C)

where V = potential difference (units: V)

where d = separation (units: m)

where R = 电阻 (单位: Ω)

where ρ = 电阻率 (单位: Ωm)

where l = 长度 (单位: m)

where A = 横截面面积  (单位: m2)

where R = resistance (units: Ω)

where ρ = resistivity (units: Ωm)

where l = length (units: m)

where A = cross sectional area (units: m2)

where R = 等效电阻 (单位: Ω)

where R = equivalent resistance (units: Ω)

where P = 功率 (单位: W)

where I = 电流 (单位: A)

where V = 电势差 (单位: V)

where R = 电阻 (单位: Ω)

where P = power (units: W)

where I = current (units: A)

where V = potential difference (units: V)

where R = resistance (units: Ω)

where F = 力 (单位: N)

where B = 磁场强度 (单位: T)

where Q = 电荷 (单位: C)

where F = magnetic force (units: N)

where B = magnetic field strength (units: T)

where Q = charge (units: C)

where F = 力 (单位: N)

where B = 磁场强度 (单位: T)

where I = 电流 (单位: A)

where L = 长度 (单位: m)

where F = magnetic force (units: N)

where B = magnetic field strength (units: T)

where I = current (units: A)

where L = length (units: m)

where B = 磁场强度 (单位: T)

where μ0 = 4π × 10-7 (单位: H m—1)

where I = 电流 (单位: A)

where r = 距离 (单位: m)

where B = magnetic field strength  (units: T)

where μ0 = 4π × 10-7 (units: H m—1)

where I = current (units: A)

where r = distance (units: m)

where B = 磁场强度 (单位: T)

where μ0 = 4π × 10-7 (单位: H m—1)

where I = 电流 (单位: A)

where l = 螺线管长度 (单位: m)

where B = magnetic field strength (units: T)

where μ0 = 4π × 10-7 (units: H m—1)

where I = current (units: A)

where l = total length of the solenoid (units: m)

where ε = 感应电动势

where Δφ = 磁通量的改变 (单位: Wb)

where Δt = 时间间隔 (单位: s)

where φ = 磁通量(单位: Wb)

where ε = induced e.m.f

where Δφ = change in magnetic flux (units: Wb)

where Δt = time interval (units: s)

where φ = magnetic flux (units: Wb)

where VS = 副线圈电势差(单位: V)

where VP = 原线圈电势差(单位: V)

where NS = 副线圈线圈数量

where NP = 原线圈线圈数量

where VS = potential difference across the Secondary coil (units: V)

where VP = potential difference across the Primary coil (units: V)

where NS = number of turns in the Secondary coil

where NP = number of turns/ windings in the Primary coil

where N = 剩余的不衰变放射性核

where k = 衰变/放射常数 (单位: s—1)

where t = 时间间隔 (单位: s)

where t1/2 = 半衰期 (单位: s)

where A = 活动期 (单位: Bq)

where N = number of undecayed radioactive nuclei

where k = decay constant (units: s—1)

where t = time (units: s)

where t1/2 = half-life (units: s)

where A = activity (units: Bq)

where E = 能量 (单位: J or eV)

where m = 质量 (单位: kg or eV/c2 )

where c = 3 × 108 (单位: m s—1)

where E = energy (units: J  or  eV)

where m = mass (units: kg  or  eV/c2 )

where c = 3 × 108 (units: m s—1)

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